< Previoussourcing updatevietnamvietnam’s shrimp industry is expanding rapidly. in 2017, it set a target of $10bn export value of shrimp by 2025; the country has some challenges to come. the government and industry emphasize that to reach the target, invest-ments will have to be made throughout the supply chain. however, the primary focus seems to be on investments in genetics and broodstocks, and in the expansion of su-per-intensive shrimp farming. mekong deltaAt an investment conference in Bac Lieu City in January 2018, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc announced that the province of Bac Lieu should focus on super-intensive, high-tech shrimp farming to become the nation’s shrimp hub. In 2017, Bac Lieu’s shrimp output totalled 116,000 tonnes, 17% of the country’s total output. One of the projects introduced during the conference is the development of a 420 ha intensive shrimp zone. The area will serve as a centre where research institutes and businesses work together to develop a high-tech hatchery, a super-intensive shrimp farm, a processing unit, and a laboratory for research. More than 20 businesses have registered to invest in this shrimp farming area, while many institutes and schools have signed agreements to contrib-ute. The total registered investment already amounts to more than VND 2.6 trillion ($114.1m). During the meeting, another project was pre-sented by Viet Uc, the world’s largest shrimp hatchery operator. The company will develop a new integrated project in Bac Lieu consisting of a feed mill, a hatchery, an indoor shrimp farm and a processing plant, totalling an investment of $44m. Viet Uc owns more than 1,000 ha of intensive farms throughout the country. The company is also the largest shrimp hatchery operator in the world with a capacity of 50bn post-larvae in seven hatcheries. one year back 10shrimptails | vietnam sourcing updateca mauone year back The government in the Ca Mau province encour-ages and supports the transition of extensive black tiger shrimp production to more intensive Paciﬁc white shrimp production. In 2017, this resulted in an increase from 157 ha to 857 ha of land under intensive culture. Although inten-sive farming is expanding in Ca Mau, Vietnam’s largest seafood exporter Min Phu simultaneous-ly established a subsidiary, Minh Phu Mangrove Shrimp Social Enterprise, which will focus on developing more organic certiﬁed extensive shrimp farms in Ca Mau. Min Phu set a target of a total of 13,000 tonnes of organic black tiger shrimp in 2017.Alban Caratis 11shrimptails | vietnam sourcing updatecentral vietnamone year back The authorities in the Ninh Thuan province, a hatchery hub in central Vietnam, have started strengthening regulations to monitor and reg-ulate hatcheries and, consequently, to improve the quality of post-larvae. Measures include testing imported broodstocks more stringently on diseases and monitoring the implementation of biosecurity protocols more strictly. Other provinces are looking at Ninh Thuan to learn from their approach. In 2017, La Niña caused frequent typhoons and rapid ﬂuctuations in temperature, particularly between September and December. A total of 16 typhoons and tropical depressions hit Vietnam – a high number compared to the average of 11-12 per year. The latter part of the year was partic-ularly aﬀected; four typhoons in November and December caused sudden drops in temperature from the average 31°C to 23°C. These tempera-ture drops signiﬁcantly aﬀected production in the central provinces. However, according to interviews with local farmers, production in the Mekong Delta was not signiﬁcantly aﬀected.The shrimp farming sector in Vietnam is situated mainly in the coastal states of the Mekong Delta in the south and in a more recently developed industry in Vietnam’s central provinces. While most of the provinces have largely focussed on transitioning from black tiger shrimp (P. monodon) to Paciﬁc white shrimp (L. vanna-mei), the southern province of Ca Mau is still dominated by extensive production, partly with integrated man-groves, of black tiger shrimp.Although Vietnam suﬀered from the consequences of a strong “La Niña” in 2017, overall output has been good and the country is on its way to greatly increased outputs. The Vietnam Association of Seafood Export-ers and Producers (VASEP) reported that national shrimp production reached 683,000 tonnes in 2017, an increase of 4% compared to 2016. There are several reasons that contributed to the improved output. First of all, the government and industry are investing in the production of high-quality post-larvae, feed and intensive farming, as well as in infrastructure such as laboratories and power grids. Secondly, since the Early Mortality Syndrome (EMS) outbreak, farmers have become more professional. Bigger and smaller farmers tend to invest in high-quality inputs, implement integrated pond management and better plan produc-tion, resulting in improved productivity. Thirdly, farmers continue to transition to culturing Paciﬁc white shrimp. In 2017, the production volume of black tiger shrimp decreased by 2.8% to 256,000 tonnes, while the production volume of Paciﬁc white shrimp increased by 8.5% to 427,000 tonnes. Lastly, the government is increasing monitoring and regulation of hatchery operators in particular, contributing to an improved quality of available post-larvae for farmers. In its ‘Report on Vietnam Seafood Exports in 2017’, VASEP reports $878m of black tiger shrimp exports and $2.5bn of Paciﬁc white shrimp exports. While for Paciﬁc white shrimp this was an increase of export value by 29% compared to 2017, for black tiger shrimp it was a decrease of almost 6%. Total shrimp exports (including wild caught shrimp) increased from $3.1bn in 2016 to $3.8bn in 2017 – a 22% increase. The top ﬁve shrimp ex-porters in 2017 were Min Phu Seafood Corp, Stapimex, Quoc Viet Co. Ltd., Fimex and Trang Khanh Seafood Company. Min Phu Seafood Corp. (including Min Phu Hau Giang) represents an export value of $660m, or 17% of Vietnam’s total shrimp exports. In terms of markets, the trade geography has changed dramatically. Total shrimp exports to the EU increased from $600m in 2016 to $862m in 2017, making the EU Vietnam’s largest shrimp market. China is on the rise as well, with an increase of 57% compared to 2016, totalling $683m. Japan is still Vietnam’s second largest export market at $704m but with China on the rise, in 2018 China will most likely overtake this position from Japan. The US is the only market that is on the decline (8% compared to 2016). The trade landscape for Paciﬁc white shrimp is diﬀer-ent than the one for black tiger shrimp. The Nether-lands, the UK, Belgium and Germany jointly accounted for €540m of Paciﬁc white shrimp imports, making the EU the largest market for this species. The US ac- counted for $536m, Japan for $400m, South Korea for $317m and China and Hong Kong for $250m of Paciﬁc white shrimp. For black tiger shrimp, the landscape is diﬀerent; China and Hong Kong import shrimp at a value of $252m, Japan $198m, and Europe comes only fourth with the Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium and Germany jointly importing $108m. production review of 2017 and early 2018export review of 201712shrimptails | vietnamsourcing updateIt is crucial to note that not only Vietnam’s exports have increased, but also its imports continue to increase. In 2017, India exported $334m of shrimp products to Vietnam (a 25% increase compared to 2016). This makes India a ten-time bigger supplier to Vietnam than to any other country. Indian shrimp is re-processed in Vietnam and then re-exported to Europe, the US, China or any other market. The new trade landscape reﬂects the issues between EU and India; incentivising EU buyers to look at Vietnam. It also reﬂects China’s search for shrimp to feed its growing middle class and to compensate for domestic production issues. The ﬁgures in this export review do not include shrimp that is smuggled via Vietnam into China. Producers are optimistic about the output of 2018 after strong production over the past year. With large investments being made in super-intensive shrimp farming and improved availability of high-quality in-puts throughout the country, improved output is to be expected in 2018, and especially from 2019 onwards. Many investments will be scaled up only gradually, especially those in super-intensive farming.Peak harvests in Vietnam are usually expected from May-August until the beginning of the main typhoon season in September. However, this year, peak harvests may come later. A strong La Niña is expected to cause cooler typhoon-favourable weather until the middle of the year, which will have a strong eﬀect on shrimp production from March until April in particular. In 2017, electrical supplier EVNSPC pledged to take part in a $66m project to rehabilitate and develop medium- to low-voltage power grids in six provinces across the Mekong Delta. Many of these regions still have a two-phase power grid. Upgrading to a three-phase grid will allow for more eﬃcient and safe use of the electrical devices required for intensive shrimp farming. The project – part of the much larger World Bank Subsidized Distribution Eﬃciency Project – will begin in 2018 and will be carried out until 2020. In the long-term, this project contributes to greater expan-sion of intensive shrimp farming. In July 2017, US senators amended the Seafood Importation Monitoring Program (SIMP) within an appropriations Bill. SIMP is an electronic traceability monitoring programme attempting to reduce illegal, unreported and unregulated seafood. When SIMP was initially approved in December 2016, compliance for the shrimp sector was explicitly postponed due to conﬂicts with a World Trade Organization treaty. All other species were given over a year to become compliant. However, if Senate Bill 1662 (section 513) is passed in its current form, shrimp importers would be required to develop new electronic traceability sys-tems within 30 days. It is not clear at this time whether and when the Senate Bill will be passed, which creates uncertainty for US buyers and gives them an incentive to be prepared to be able to comply with SIMP.The EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) is on track to be signed in early 2018. The EVFTA will elimi-nate more than 99% of tariﬀ lines and partially liber-alize the remaining number, in some cases through quota increases. Vietnam will eliminate 65% of its import duties on EU products by the time the EVFTA has entered into force, with the remainder to be lifted over the following 10 years. The EU will eliminate du-ties on 71% of its products by the time of the EVFTA’s commencement, and lift others over a seven-year period. This deal will have a big impact on the seafood industry: import tariﬀs for all shrimp products will be reduced to 0% – existing tariﬀs range between 12.5% and 20% for raw frozen and value-added products.In the ﬁrst week of March, the US released the prelim-inary results of the anti-dumping review. It has been announced that for Vietnamese companies, anti- dumping duties of 25% may come into eﬀect. Vietnam-ese companies argue that the US authorities used a wrong measure for converting HOSO to HLSO, and if the authorities would have used the correct conver-sion ratio, the outcome would have been considerably lower. More on this in the next edition of ShrimpTails.production: looking 3 months aheadinternational tradeus shrimp control from fda to usdaeu-vietnam free trade agreementus anti-dumping duties 13shrimptails | vietnam sourcing updateVarious issues put EU-Vietnam shrimp trade in an uncertain position. The ﬁrst is the yellow card issued by the EU in mid-2017 focusing on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) ﬁshing. Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development explains that the country is trying to implement its new Fishery Law and carry out various action programmes to tackle the yellow card. This will require reorganizing the ﬁshing industry, which is not an easy task.Related to aquaculture, there is the issue of the use of antibiotics in shrimp farming. Although the situa-tion in Vietnam is not as tense as between the EU and India, various EU audits are expected to take place in 2018 and beyond, and these will also investigate the risk of contamination of aquaculture products with antibiotics. The risk exists that the EU takes measures to restrict imports and exports if Vietnam is unable to suﬃciently assure that the National Residue Moni-toring Plan (NRMP) is implemented in an appropriate way. Lastly, there is the question of shrimp from other origins which is reprocessed in Vietnam and exported to other markets, including in the EU and Asia. There are concerns that these products are relabelled as Vietnamese-origin products and there are continuing rumours that the EU is also looking into this, and, pos-sibly, will impose sanctions.China has decreased its import tariﬀ on frozen shrimp from 5% to 2%. With strong Chinese demand, it is ex-pected that China will become Vietnam’s second larg-est export market. Various packers told the Shrimp-Tails team that they are planning to start or expand their business with China. It is not clear how the in-formal border trade with China will continue through Haiphong. A recent crackdown resulted in the conﬁs-cation of more than 4,000 tonnes of seafood. While this volume is quite insigniﬁcant, Chinese traders have been reluctant to import Vietnamese shipments in January 2018. Uncertainty about Chinese regulation and measures against smuggling lead to some doubt about China-Vietnam border trade in 2018.Shrimpvet Aquatic Pathology Research Centre oﬀers a range of support services for farmers, including the veriﬁcation of the health status of broodstock and providing diagnostic services for farmers. Shrimpvet, partly owned by Minh Phu, began the construction of its new research centre this year. The organiza-tion plans to use the centre to upgrade its diagnostic services, trial new wastewater management tech-niques and operate its own genetic improvement programme. The organization has rapidly devel-oped a customer base of more than 2,000 farmers. Shrimpvet is looking for investments to establish a network of shops throughout the Mekong Delta to deliver high-quality inputs to small-scale farmers. 23 June 2017 marked the opening of Skretting’s new 60,000-tonnes capacity feed production facility in the Long An province, adding to its existing facility in Ho Chi Minh City. Long An houses a separate production line which produces their signature functional health feed for shrimp: Lorica. During the opening event, Skretting also announced plans to increase innovation eﬀorts by developing a new research station.CASES, one of Ca Mau’s leading shrimp processors and exporters in black tiger and Paciﬁc white shrimp, announced a total turnover of more than $180m, of which shrimp products contributed $140m. Exports in 2017 reached 16,000 tonnes of shrimp, an increase of more than 20% compared to 2016. CASES’ most important market is the EU, which in 2017 purchased 6,000 tonnes, 37% of the company’s total export vol-ume, reaching revenues of $52m.company and other newschina reduced tariﬀs and crackdown on smugglingeu yellow card, antibiotics and country of origin14shrimptails | vietnam sourcing update january february march april may june july august september october november december january february march april may june july august september october november decembermekong deltamekong deltacental vietnamca mauharvestingcalender pacif c white shrimp black tiger shrimpYour partner of choice for sourcing seafood from Vietnam Research & Development Sourcing systems & Quality Assurance Business development & Marketingwww.freshstudio.vnconnect vietnamese seafood producers and exporters with global importers www.seafood.vasep.com.vnvietnam association of seafood exporters and producers (vasep)Head oﬃce: No 218 A, 8th Str, An Phu-An Khanh Ward, No 2 Dist, Hochiminh CityRep.oﬃce: No 10, Nguyen Cong Hoan Str, BaDinh Dist, HanoiTel. +84 4 3771 5055 Fax. +84 4 3771 5084Email. email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org Promote the growth of the Vietnamese ﬁsheries industry.Tel. +84 8 6281 0430 Fax. +84 8 6281 0347asc shrimp certification updateFarmed shrimp is an important species within the scope of ASC’s certiﬁcation and labelling pro-gramme. Currently, 105 shrimp farms have obtained ASC certiﬁ-cation, together producing an im-pressive 122,000 tonnes of shrimp per year. This roughly accounts for 10% of the total ASC certiﬁed production volume across the globe. In 2017, the number of ASC certiﬁed shrimp farms saw consid-erable growth, predominantly in two countries: India and Vietnam. Vietnam was already an estab-lished country for ASC shrimp certiﬁcation and the number of certiﬁed shrimp farms has grown from 31 in early 2017 to 41 as of February 2018. India has witnessed Production volume 630 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 3Farms under assessment 14 Production volume 123,881 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 96Farms under assessment 56 Production volume 194,519 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 96Farms under assessment 2 Production volume 665,526 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 232Farms under assessment 54 even stronger growth, with the number of ASC certiﬁed shrimp farms more than doubling from 12 at the beginning of 2017 to 28 as of February 2018.asc shrimp market updateIn 2017, an additional 1,100 ASC labelled shrimp products came onto the market. The main areas of growth include the established markets of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. These countries experience a substantial year-over-year growth of between 90% and 140%. Denmark, Switzerland and France have also each seen a strong increase in the number of ASC labelled shrimp available, adding over 250 products to their respective markets. Japan could be a sleeping giant, and has topped all aquaculture stewardship council (asc) is an indepen-dent, international non-profit organization manag-ing the world’s leading certification and labelling programme for responsible aquaculture. the asc stan-dards set strict requirements for responsible farming to minimize the key environmental and social impacts of aquaculture. since the first farm was awarded asc certification in august 2012, the growth of the asc pro-gramme has been phenomenal. currently, over 560 farms have achieved asc certification and more than 10,000 asc labelled products are available on the market.abalone-%*1%*19%*33%*bivalvepangasiussalmonresponsible aquaculture through asc certification 15shrimptails | responsible aquaculture16shrimptails | responsible aquaculturebut the rising global demand for ASC certiﬁed shrimp, both through diversiﬁcation in estab-lished markets as well as growth in new markets, certainly shows that certiﬁcation is highly regarded by consumers and farmers alike.asc improver programme The ASC standards set principles, criteria, indicators and measurable performance levels for responsible aquaculture with regard to social and environmental issues. Until now, we have not provided advice to help farmers improve their methods so that they can strive to meet the requirements of ASC’s standards. To help bridge the gap, ASC is developing the Improver Programme to make its certiﬁca-tion programme more accessible and to ensure that the ASC stan-dards are better understood by the producers themselves. Ultimate-ly, the goal is to leverage market forces by attracting producers to drive improvements in those areas where the biggest change can be achieved. other markets in terms of per-centage growth year-over-year. Demand for ASC labelled shrimp in this seafood-loving country has driven an increase in the number of available products by an impres-sive 400% in 2017 alone.bringing more farmers to the programme through asc group certificationWith a total of 79 shrimp farms currently under assessment, ASC anticipates strong and ongoing growth in the number of certi-ﬁed shrimp farms for 2018. At the moment, most farms in the programme are large-scale farm-ing operations, but the majority of global shrimp farming is still being done by small to medium-sized operations. For this reason, ASC is developing a group certiﬁcation approach. This will allow smaller farmers to become certiﬁed by joining together to form a group, and consequently reduce the costs of certiﬁcation. Obtaining ASC certiﬁcation might not be around the corner for every shrimp farmer Production volume 9,904 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 5Farms under assessment 5 Production volume 122,884 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 105Farms under assessment 79 Production volume 152,465 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 41Farms under assessment 3 Approved products 10,725Countries 65Valid CoC holders 1,430Licence holders 659 Production volume 36,609 tonnesCertiﬁed farms 56Farms under assessment 9 *products per species February 2017 February 2018 Total production volume 1,306,418 tonnesTotal certiﬁed farms 577Total farms under assessment 222 seriola/cobiashrimp tilapiatroutmarket updateasc certification updateasc approved ecolabelled products by distribution country-%*39%*4%*4%*netherlandsgermanybelgiumswitzerlandswedenfrancedenmarknorwayaustriacanadajapanunited kingdomchinaspainfinlandunited statesitalypolandhong kongsingaporeaustraliarest of the world15671458112897767761654140536335827426424318415114914813612710782870 17shrimptailsram’s assorted cold storage limited (racsl) is a vertically integrated shrimp producing company. We have our own shrimp hatchery, farm, farmers’ network and processing units. our processing units (eu370 and eu335) have brc a grade, BAP and 3rd party HACCP certifcation. We are part of the suryo group of com-panies, and we have been in the seafood business for over 40 years. our experience and values sets us apart.www.racsl.com +91 993 700 0186headoﬃce@racsl.com dinalipi bhawan | a-53/1 and a-54/1 nayapalli, baramunda | bhubaneswar - 751003 | odisha, indiatrue weighttrue countno mislabellingmore shrimp, less ice Plot No. Ind-5, Sector–1 | East Kolkata Township, Kolkata, West Bengal 700107Phone 33 3984 9675 | Email email@example.com | Web ifbagro.insourcing updateindiaindia’s shrimp industry has been booming in the previous years due to a rapid transition from culturing black tiger shrimp (p. monodon) to pacific white shrimp (l. vannamei), reaching a record production of 600,000 tonnes of shrimp in 2017. this transition is almost complete, with 95% of the country’s output now being represented by pacific white shrimp. the main shrimp farming state in india is andhra pradesh. in 2017, the state contributed 70% of total pacific white shrimp production. however, other states, including orissa, west bengal and gujarat, show higher growth rates and have a larger growth potential than andhra pradesh, mainly because new shrimp farms are still being developed and the transition to culture pacific white shrimp is ongoing in these states. one year back andhra pradeshPaciﬁc white shrimp production in Andhra Pradesh culminated in a total of 400,000 tonnes in 2017. This is a steady increase from 300,000 tonnes in 2015 and 350,000 tonnes in 2016. Sources told ShrimpTails that the winter crop, which was stocked in December 2017, is experiencing slow growth, impacting upcoming harvests. Farmers in Andhra Pradesh stock year-round and farm for approximately 100 days per crop, allowing for three crops a year. Farmers increasingly use nursery ponds to further grow shrimp before release into grow-out ponds. This allows for shorter production cycles and continuous stocking as shrimp at larger sizes is less sensitive to weather conditions in winter periods.one year back west bengalIn 2017, the total number of farmers registered in West Bengal for culturing Paciﬁc white shrimp was 4,800 with a total land surface of about 6,000 ha. The farmers produced about 30,000 tonnes divided over two culture periods of which 90% was Paciﬁc white shrimp and 10% black tiger shrimp from extensive ponds close to the Bangladesh border. The average harvest size in West Bengal was 40 count per kg. Although the ﬁrst crop was free of disease, in the second crop some minor disease issues were reported. This did not however have a signiﬁcant impact on production.one year back orissaThe state government of Orissa has announced large ambitions to increase shrimp production tenfold between 2017 and 2022. The government has agreed to invest in the supply of electricity and the development of infrastructure for 1,000 ha of new land per year, thereby assuring road connectivity to 107 proposed farming clusters in the Balasore, Bhadrak, Kendrapara, Jagatsingh-pur, Puri and Ganjam districts. Besides investing in infrastructure, the government also tendered a contract for export promotion. In this assign-ment, a government consultant develops an export promotion plan to position Orissa as a prime origin for Paciﬁc white shrimp. To real-ize the Orissa government’s ambition, shrimp exports would have to increase considerably from 36,000 to 360,000 tonnes. This ambition is hampered by environmental laws prohibiting shrimp farm development close to creeks and by the lack of good quality post-larvae. Recently, the government in Orissa removed illegally constructed shrimp farms in lake Chilika. 18shrimptails | india sourcing updateWillem van der Pijl19shrimptails | india sourcing update3 months ahead (april | may | june) andhra pradeshHarvests in Andhra Pradesh are expected to start from mid-March onwards. Farmers will start to harvest 60-80 count shrimp per kg, which is in high demand with Chinese buyers, as reported in February by Undercurrent News. Larger sizes would only become available from the end of April onwards. It is reported to ShrimpTails that another reason for harvesting a high count of 60-80 shrimp per kg, i.e. more shrimp but of smaller size, which is in partic-ularly high demand with Chinese buyers – as reported, might be that farmers are experienc-ing slow growth of the winter crop. ShrimpTails sources expect a 10% increase of production in 2018, projecting a total production of 440,000 tonnes in 2018. Increased production is expect-ed because of for instance freshwater land being converted into shrimp ponds.3 months ahead (april | may | june) west bengalFarmers in West Bengal have started stocking post-larvae from the second week of February. Production is expected to increase further in the coming year. This is driven by, on one hand, improved availability and prices of post-larvae, and, on the other hand, by better management practices that farmers have adopted from those in Andhra Pradesh. Harvesting the current crop is expected to start mid-May. Contrary to Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal farmers are expected to continue targeting mostly 40 count per kg for the majority of their production.3 months ahead (april | may | june) orissaOne source in Orissa told ShrimpTails that he ex-pects a 15% increase in production compared to 2017, based on reports that exporters in Orissa have increased their purchase of post-larvae for distribution to Orissa farmers. Similar to West Bengal, Orissa farmers are also expected to target 40 count per kg. 3 months ahead (april | may | june) gujaratGujarat has also transitioned to Paciﬁc white shrimp and continues to target 30 count per kg. However, changes in the culture system are tak-ing place in order to extend the farming season. About 10% of farmers have started using nurser-ies to grow shrimp to bigger sizes before release into grow-out ponds. This will allow for shorter culture periods and more crops per year. Stock-ing in Gujarat has started in February and will continue until April. Harvesting generally starts from June and lasts until August. In 2016-2017, India reached a total record production of about 550,000 tonnes Paciﬁc white shrimp. Accord-ing to ﬁgures presented by the Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI) during the Indian Inter-national Seafood Show in Goa, January 2018, Andhra Pradesh contributed 400,000 tonnes (70%) of the total production of 2017, and Tamil Nadu, Orissa, West Bengal and Gujarat contributed smaller amounts of about 30,000-40,000 tonnes each. Pockets of farmers with extensive ponds in Kerala and West Bengal still grow black tiger shrimp, but in all other states farmers with semi-intensive and intensive ponds have adopted their practice to the culture of Paciﬁc white shrimp. According to ShrimpTails sources, in 2017, the top ﬁve shrimp exporters in India were Falcon Marine, Devi Seafoods, Nekkanti Sea Foods, Apex Frozen Foods and Sagar Grandhi exports. While Falcon Marine is locat-ed in Orissa, the other four are all based in Andhra Pradesh. The US, India’s largest export market, reported an increase of imports from 135,000 tonnes in 2015 to 174,000 and 215,000 tonnes in 2016 and 2017, re-spectively – a 23% increase. Not only did exports of non-value-added products (HS0306) grow, exports of value-added products also increased drastically from 7,500 tonnes in 2015 to 10,500 and nearly 17,500 tonnes in 2016 and 2017, respectively, signalling invest-ments in value-adding capacity in Indian processing establishments. Exports to Europe stagnated in 2017, mainly caused by the threat of EU measures against Indian shrimp ex-ports in the context of antibiotics use in Indian shrimp farms. While exports to the EU in 2016 accounted for 78,500 tonnes, exports between January and Novem-ber 2017 only accounted for 73,000 tonnes. Although the year total of exports to the EU may be close to 80,000 tonnes, it is clear that the EU market did not grow in line with the increase of Indian production. For other markets, oﬃcial data has not yet been re-ported, but sources tell ShrimpTails that exports from India to Vietnam and China have increased signiﬁ-cantly. Vietnam reported that Vietnamese processors production review of 2017export review of 2017Next >
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