Amazonian fish in Brazil
With its immense tropical area with lots of rivers and lakes, Brazil has very good conditions for freshwater aquaculture. As the fishing industry cannot satisfy the domestic demand for fish and shrimps, the farming of species like tilapia, catfish, carp and round fishes increases year after year. Of these species, tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus
) farming is the most consolidated and therefore has its own species page. Official figures are unknown but several private and public authorities estimate that in 2014 the total production of farmed tropical fish species like pirarucu (Arapaima gigas
) and tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum
) exceeded 186,000 tonnes, although this is not seen in FAO statistics.
All Brazilian states practice some type of fish farming. Almost each region has a favorable climate, large rivers, several reservoirs and due to a good infrastructure close to the large consumer markets like São Paulo, Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro. However, 2014 was characterized by a severe drought, which especially hit the state of São Paulo. Researchers are saying that it was the worst drought in the last 100 years. As result, it is estimated that the harvest of Amazonian species declined by 30% compared to 2013 figures. Other important regions for aquaculture are Paraná, Ceará, Paulo Afonso and Goiás. Rondana and Mato Grosso are quite focused on the farming of tambaqui, with a total production estimated at 40,000 tonnes. Carps, catfishes, and pirarucu have also contributed to the Brazilian fish farming activities.