Tilapia in Brazil
With its immense tropical area with lots of rivers and lakes, Brazil has very good conditions for tilapia aquaculture. As the fishing industry cannot satisfy the domestic demand for fish and shrimps, the farming of Oreochromis niloticus increases year after year and is the most consolidated of the Amazonian fish farming. Official figures are unknown but several private (like PEIXE BR) and public authorities estimate that in 2016 the total production of tilapia exceeded 300,000 tonnes, although this is not yet visible in FAO statistics.
All Brazilian states practice some type of tilapia farming but the most advanced in the state of São Paulo. This region has a favorable climate, three large rivers, several reservoirs and it is close to the large consumer markets like São Paulo City. However, 2014 was characterized by a severe drought, which especially hit the state of São Paulo. Researchers are saying that it was the worst drought in the last 100 years. As result, it is estimated that tilapia harvest declined by 30% compared to 2013 figures. Other important regions for tilapia farming are Paraná, Ceará, Paulo Afonso and Goiás.