Rock lobster in Brazil
Brazil is one of the top three countries producing rock lobster, together with Cuba and Nicaragua. Rock lobster, also known as the Caribbean Spiny Lobster, is found along the coastal waters in the northern part of Brazil close to Fortaleza. Here, two main species of rock lobster are caught: Panulirus argus
(90%) and Panulirus laevicauda
(10%). The focus of this page is only on Panulirus argus,
as this species
is caught more often and is preferred by the United States and Europe because of its nicer color and two remarkable spots on the back. Brazilian rock lobsters are well regarded for being tender and sweet. The large demand for this product results in quite high prices, easily reaching € 35.00/kg for the tails in the wholesale markets. Import duty for Brazil to Europe is 12.5%, where Nicaragua and Cuba have none.
To maintain and protect the population from being overfished due to strong market demand, strict catch measures have been put in place by the Brazilian authorities like catch seasons and minimum size regulations. Eight of the bigger lobster companies hired Cedepesca to do a study of the lobster in Brazilian waters with the aim to give a more sustainable outlook of the industry. This study needs at least two more years after which the eight companies will issue a kind of sustainability certification for Brazilian lobster.
Are you interested in sourcing rock lobster from Brazil? You can view the different factory locations of Brazil’s leading rock lobster exporters on the map and check out their company profiles in our STIP supplier database