The hatcheries in Ecuador are situated along the coast and concentrated in and around Manabi where the water quality is the best. It is unclear what the total amount of hatcheries is in Ecuador, but it is estimated to be around 135. Of these, 100 are commercial shrimp hatcheries. The hatcheries are also providing part of Peru its shrimp farming sector in and around Tumbes with post larvae as Peru has a lack of hatcheries itself. Many of the larger shrimp companies in Peru have their own hatcheries in order to be able to secure the quality and supply volume for their own farms.
Ecuador is the largest shrimp feed producer in South America. The domestic aquafeed market was estimated to be 552,000 tonnes (Undercurrent News, 2017). This is relatively small compared to the production volume of shrimp; this is mainly due to the extensive production methods used by most farms. Earlier shrimp feed distribution was in the hands of a Peruvian company and by Expalsa, a shrimp producer who also owned its feed company GISIS.
In recent years two of the world’s largest animal feed companies have entered the market in Ecuador and gained significant market shares. In 2013, Nutreco its aquafeed division Skretting decided to purchase GISIS from Expalsa. Previously, Skretting was selling shrimp feed into Ecuador from its facilities in Peru. Currently, Skretting is distributing shrimp feed in Ecuador under its own brand. More recently in 2015, Cargill announced to invest in a joint venture with the shrimp company Songa to set up a state of the art shrimp feed mill which should distribute around 120,000 of shrimp feed from 2017 providing Cargill with around 20% market share. The other major player is Nicovita which is owned by the Peruvian company Alicorp.