Canned tuna is predominantly used for exports, while sardine and mackerel are mainly consumed domestically. An estimated 3,350 containers are shipped each year for the international market (World Fishing and Aquaculture 2007). Contrary to most of the seafood exports, after it is canned, tuna does not depend on a strict cold chain which makes transport less expensive.
Companies that want to export processed fish to the EU need an approval issued by the European Union. They are required to implement Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), and have to be certified with Sertifikat Kelayakan Pengolahan grade A (SKP A) and for Hazardous Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP). Additionally, companies need to perform second party audits on their suppliers and ensure the traceability of their sources of raw material.
The main container terminals can be found in the port of Bitung (North Sulawesi), Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya, (West, Middle and East Java), Samarinda and Pontianak (East and West Kalimantan) and Palembang (Sumatra).