2017, even though production as well as export value has increased; 137,170 tonnes of exports in 2010 valued US$ 1 bln, while production only increased 50,000 tonnes between 2010 and 2014, this increase held double the value in 2014 (US$ 2 bln). In 2015 the prices dropped again with 23% compared to 2014; with export volume remaining the same. Growth in export value picked up again slightly from 2015-2016 and 2016-2017.
Indonesia currently dominates the United States’ shrimp market, as it is not confronted with anti-dumping duties which the United States has put on competitors in several other Asian countries (India, China, Thailand and Vietnam). As a result, the 40,000 tonnes increase of exports between 2010 and 2017 is almost entirely taken account for by the United States.
In Japan, its second largest market, Indonesia is the fourth largest shrimp exporter mainly supplying P. monodon (and wild) shrimp after being replaced by India. Exports to Japan have been shown a slight increase from 29,639 in 2016 to 30,272 tonnes in 2017. Japan primarily imports P. monodon from extensive production systems, both value and non-value added products.
In the EU, its third largest market, Indonesia is only the seventh largest supplier of exotic shrimp due to the fact that Indonesia does not enjoy GSP status and has not yet engaged in a Free Trade Agreement with the EU. This makes it difficult for exporters to compete with countries such as Ecuador and Vietnam for L. vannamei, and Vietnam) and Bangladesh for P. monodon.