Broodstock and hatcheries
The National Broodstock Centre, part of the Iranian Fishery Organisation Research Institute, supplies SPF broodstock to Iranian hatcheries. All broodstock is local and approximately 11 hatcheries in Iran have their own broodstock division. There are 30 private hatcheries in Iran that supply PL to the farmers. Some of the biggest hatcheries are Setandrof Jask and Hormoz Larvae located in the southern province Hormozgan and Zadavari Mond Meigoo and Ramooz in south-eastern province Boushehr.
There are currently seven feed mills operational in Iran, owned by private companies. These mills either produce only shrimp feed or both shrimp and fish feed for the aquaculture sector. One of the biggest players in the feed market is Havoorash in Boushehr province, only producing shrimp feed. Other big players like Faradaneh in Charmahal province and Baiza in Fars province, produce both shrimp and fish feed. As shrimp feed demand is increasing every year, shrimp feed mills have already started to invest in new equipment and production lines. Additionally, there are several new projects which are in process for obtaining permission from authorities.
Chemicals and medicines
Usage of antibiotics is banned by the Iranian Veterinary Organisation (IVO). Antibiotics are not used by feed mills or farmers, in order to retain their access to foreign and local markets. Lime is used for disinfecting the ponds and for adjusting the PH of water. Other types of chemicals such as permanganate are rarely used. Some farms use imported or local probiotics, but it’s not common.