figure, as border trade with Bangladesh and China may be left out in the reported numbers. According to Trademap's direct data, Myanmar exported 2,031 tonnes of whole, frozen fish in 2015, 12,678 tonnes in 2016 and 115,393 in 2017, although 2015 and 2017 are estimated by the UNSD. These figures differ tremendously with mirror data shown in the graph, although Trademap does indicate that Myanmar has reported their export data for the last 5 years.
Figures from the Fishery Statistics yearbook 2017 from the DoF report that total fish exports reached a 290,580 MT or 319 mln US$, and mainly went to Thailand (168,426 MT), China (31,409 MT), Saudi Arabia (20,756 MT) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
According to Trademap data, the Middle East (ME) is an important export market responsible for more than 50% of the total volume. The two main importing countries in the ME are Saudi Arabia and the UAE. The UAE have not reported yet their import volumes for 2017, but in 2016 their imports reached 15,862 which is a stable import figure for the last four years. The United Kingdom is another main market. In both the Middle East as the UK live significant Bengali communities. The export of fresh fish (HS302) was 193,630 tonnes in 2016 according to direct data (145,995 tonnes mirror data), with the majority going to Thailand. 2017 mirror data shows an increase to 206,720 tonnes, almost all going to Thailand. Thailand is home to a lot of migrant workers coming from Myanmar.
In some cases, Bangladeshi traders are involved in exporting freshwater fish from Myanmar through representative offices. They use these offices to export directly to markets abroad, or to export to Bangladesh for reprocessing and re-exporting to both domestic and global markets.