A major disadvantage in the Peruvian shrimp sector is the lack of national hatcheries. National hatcheries do not exist because investments, experience and cost-effective results are currently lacking. As a result, all larvae must be imported by car-truck from Ecuadorian hatcheries in plastic oxygenated bags with air at 20-22ºC with a density of 400pz/gr. Some companies like Camposol / Marinazul import and sell their larvae to smaller farmers. From there, farmers have two options: to seed it directly in the final ponds (survival rate 30-50%) or to put the larvae in incubators for the first 3-4 weeks and then into the grow-out ponds (survival rate 50-70%).
The bigger feed mills in Peru have stores in all of the important farming areas. Companies like Aquatech, Purina and Nicovita can supply feed within one day. The pellets normally contain fish meal, grains and some (permitted) additives. The farmers use neither chemicals nor medicines but probiotics are a regular input.