With a population just over 93.6 million in 2017, Vietnam is the eight-most-populous Asian country and ranks 15th
worldwide. Vietnam is located on the eastern Indochina Peninsula and covers a total area of 331,210 km2
(comparable to Germany e.g.). Until today, agriculture has been a key contributor to the overall economy, in which the flat and fertile river deltas such as the Red River Delta in the North and the Mekong River Delta in southern Vietnam play an important role. With a coastline of 3,444 km in length it should not be a surprise that fishery has been an important source of food and income throughout history. Likewise, the aquaculture sector, which is dominated by brackish water and freshwater production systems, is said to have a long historic tradition. While it mostly contributed to subsistence farming in the past, aquaculture has become an important part of the national economy since its commercial orientation as part of the Blue Revolution in the 1990s. In 2014, Vietnam took over Thailand as the leading southeast Asian exporter in terms of value, but has been replaced by India in 2017. At the moment Vietnam is the fourth largest exporter worldwide after China, Norway and India. Its key aquaculture sectors include pangasius
and increasingly also bivalves and marine fishes such as cobia, seabass and grouper.
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