Loading of harvested pangasius for live transport (Photo: ekolibrium)
Although earlier, middleman played an active role in the pangasius supply chain, nowadays, trading is relatively limited in the as a result of the high level of vertical integration and consolidation in the sector.
In general, farms harvest an entire pond at once. Sometimes this is done by a team employed directly by the farm owner, and in some cases the farm owners make use of a service provider specialized in harvesting and transport. These service providers supply teams of ten to twenty people to harvest the fish from the pond and load it to the boat and then again to unload it from the boat to the factory.
Where farms are further away from the factories, the fish is removed from the pond and carried to a boat that transports the fish alive to the factory. This is done by special boats that are equipped with tank systems with open holes to let the river water run through. Such boats can carry up to 60 tonnes of live fish in one transport. Travel times from the farm to the factory can take from two to ten hours.
When big exporters work together with privately owned smaller farms (some depend on it to meet processing capacities), they contract specialized operators that harvest fish and do the transport.